Glossary of Art Terms - H

Hard-Edge Painting

Hard-edge painting consists of rough, straight edges that are geometrically consistent. It encompasses rich solid colors, neatness of surface, and arranged forms all over the canvas.


Hatching (hachure in French) and cross-hatching are artistic techniques used to create tonal or shading effects by drawing (or painting or scribing) closely spaced parallel lines. When lines are placed at an angle to one another, it is called cross-hatching. Hatching is especially important in essentially linear media like drawing and many forms of printmaking, like engraving, etching and woodcut. In Western art, cross-hatching developed in the Middle Ages, and especially in the old master prints of the fifteenth century. Master ES and Martin Schongauer in engraving, and Erhard Reuwich and Michael Wolgemut in woodcut were pioneers, and Albrecht Dürer perfected the techniques in both media. Artists use the technique, varying the length, angle, closeness and other qualities of the lines, most commonly in drawing, linear painting, engraving, and ethnic art.

Herringbone Perspective

A type of perspective in which the lines of projection converge not on a vanishing point, but on a vertical axis at the center of the picture, as in Roman painting.

HH- Hesketh Hubbard Art Society

The Federation of British Artists (FBA) is a registered charity and the umbrella organisation for nine leading art societies within the UK. Its aim is to inspire, educate and involve the public in the appreciation and practice of fine art by contemporary artists. The FBA is a unique national resource boasting 614 artist-members whose exhibitions attract over 10,000 artists through open submissions. FBA exhibitions are artist-led. Work from open submissions is selected by leading artists in their field forming a showcase of the very best recent work. The exhibitions are themed by medium or subject-matter allowing artist and members of the public to study a particular area of interest. The artists like to be approachable so there is usually an artist in attendance in the gallery, artists also give lectures, take workshops and run exhibition tours to deepen the understanding of their art. The Mall Galleries receive about 60,000 visitors a year. The art is for sale to benefit artist and visitor alike and the FBA runs a commissions service which helps people to find the right artist when they want to commission a special work of art. The FBA is supported by some 2,400 Friends whose privileges include invitations to private views and other special events where they can meet the artists. FBA exhibitions are a benchmark for artists and provide a forum in which their work can be critically assessed. Demonstrations, workshops and weekly life-drawing sessions are held to enhance artists' knowlege and skills. Further encouragement is given through over 100 prizes and awards which are distributed throughout the year. The skills of our members are shared via many projects throughout the country such as The New English Art Club’s excellent drawing school and summer courses; the Royal Society of British Artists’ highly successful scheme to achieve special Visual Arts status for many schools; the Pastel Society workshops; and the Society of Wildlife Artists’ 'Aig an Oir’ project which brings contemporary wildlife art to remote communities and raises the public's awareness of the ecological and cultural heritage of the region. Member Societies also hold regional exhibitions throughout the year Throughout the year the Mall Galleries are host to numerous art competitions, such as the Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour competition, the Discerning Eye and the Not the Turner Prize. The Mall Galleries also serve as a venue for external art societies’ exhibitions, one man shows, group shows and charitable events such as Art for Youth and charity fundraising evenings. The FBA has also initiated Originals, the contemporary printmaking show. The FBA education department aims to extend the visual arts audience. It runs a Primary Schools Programme; at present the programme concentrates on children in deprived areas of Brent, many of whom have never been to central London, or visited an art gallery. A pilot scheme is also underway to reach out to visually impaired children in secondary school education.

The Hesketh Hubbard Art Society is the largest life drawing society in London. It was founded in 1930 and has been meeting regularly since then.

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